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The basic rules

Learn to create beautiful floral compositions by following some of the fundamental basics. To this end, the following concepts are the most important ones: volume and balance, harmony and rhythm and color combination.

Whether they come from your garden or purchased from a florist, it is important that the flowers and foliage of the flowers floral compositions maintain a certain harmony. Do not forget that they will be part of the decoration of the house and therefore will be a point of attraction.

Learn to create beautiful flower arrangements

Let’s find out what are the basics to consider to create a wonderful flower arrangement.

Balance and volume

Flowers inside a glass vase

Balance is one of the main aspects to consider. Large or small, the floral composition must be consistent and balanced with the container.

It is not advisable to load one side more than the other or to concentrate too many flowers in the center of the composition, whose volume must also be in relation to the place where it will be placed.

Harmony and rhythm

Cages with flowers

To obtain a harmonic composition it can be used a single quality of flowers, a single color, used alone or in combination with branches or leaves of the same species, which can themselves form a simple composition.

To create contrast, you can use flowers or leaves of different shapes and colors, arranged to stand out individually within the composition.

The repetition of the same flower, always of the same color, and that of a same type of decorative complement, give character to the whole, giving it rhythm.

Where to start

Flowers in a jute bag

To give shape to the composition, it is necessary to first determine the vegetative point, which is an imaginary point where the stems converge. It can be created with a single flower or with several grouped flowers.

The way of arranging flowers in bunches and compositions is extremely varied. Whether you opt for the simplicity of a single flower or a more elaborate composition, you need to take into account the basic principles of the formats, which are the circular, fan-shaped or elongated shape.

Generally the effect of the composition is more effective when a long-stemmed flower is placed in the center, but you can also create multiple focal points, for example by placing different specimens on the sides of the composition. These rules remain valid even if we only use the foliage.

Distribution in floral compositions

Floral compositions in ornamental vases

In bouquets of flowers or in any type of flower arrangement, irregular flowers, such as chrysanthemums or lilies, they should be positioned in the center and in different directions. This is to avoid eclipsing others.

The flowers with a rounded and small shape, like the carnation, must be placed over the larger and round ones, like the dahlias, so as not to overload the composition.

The hanging flowers, like those of wisteria, must be cut off leaving the stems long, in order to make them fall from the top of the flower arrangement. This helps to create an extremely dynamic effect.

The colors in the floral compositions

Artificial flowers

Before choosing the shades of flowers and leaves, we will have to be clear on where to place the floral composition in order to take into account the colors of the furniture and accessories. The background in which it will be placed also plays an important role.

If we want the composition to become the center of attention, we must play on the contrast of colors, but if the desired effect is to blend with the surrounding environment, the colors of the floral composition must be of the same tonal range as the walls and furnishings.

If we have little experience, we can try to create the first compositions with flowers of one or two colors, combined with branches with green foliage.

Matching colors in floral compositions

Flower compositions on the windowsill
  • Blue. Intense and clear tones – lily, hyacinth – can be combined with the contrast of white lilies. They also combine with mauve and pink-gladiolus, rose- tones, which give light to the composition.
  • Yellow. It goes very well with red flowers. We find these two intense and warm colors in tulips, carnations and gerberas. They are the most recommended to create impressive compositions.
  • White. Alone or combined with pastel tones it produces a luminous effect. The most suitable flowers: tuberose, freesia and dahlia. There are also several orchids in pastel shades.
  • Green. It is the ideal color for most compositions. The branches with foliage are perfectly matched with the leaves of the flowers.

Decorative and original, floral arrangements are available to all gardening enthusiasts. With a little taste and some basics you can get right to work.

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